**Difficulty Level:** Intermediate Level AccountMate User

**Version(s) Affected:** AccountMate 7 for SQL, Express and LAN

**Module(s) Affected:** PR

**DESCRIPTION**

An employee's retirement fund such as 401(K) is a simple and effective way to save a portion of an employee's gross earnings to an investment fund. Although not required to do so by federal law, employers often offer a matching plan as an employee benefit and an effective way of increasing an employee's desire to remain employed there. AccountMate now has this feature that enables users to record the employer's matching contribution to the employee's deduction. Reviewing the employer matching contribution calculated using the percentage method may be complicated without a clear understanding about how AccountMate computes the amount.

The purpose of this Technical Note is to discuss the formulas AccountMate uses to calculate the values when the **Employer's Matching/Contribution by Percentage Method** is selected.

**SOLUTION**

The Employer Matching/Contribution feature facilitates the calculation and accrual of the employer's share or contribution to the employee's deduction. The employer's contribution can be calculated by setting it up in the Deduction Maintenance function. The settings in the Deduction Maintenance become the default settings for all new employees created; however, you can customize each employee's settings by accessing the Deduction tab in the Employee Maintenance function. You can perform any of the following in the Employee Maintenance Deductions tab:

- Disable the Employer Matching/Contribution.
- Change the rate, amount, percentage table or annual limit used in calculating the Employer Matching/Contribution.

The Percentage Method provides the option to use any of the following as the basis for calculating the Employer Matching/Contribution amount:

- Employee's deduction amount
- Employee's gross earnings
- Employee's net pay

**The Formula**

The **Employer Matching/Contribution by Percentage Method** uses the rates specified in the Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) by Percentage Method table (Figure 1). The rates specified in the Deduction Maintenance become the default values in the Employee Maintenance. The user can override the employee default rates in the Employee Maintenance Deductions tab (Figure 2).

**Figure 1: Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) by Percentage Method table**

**Figure 2: Employee Maintenance function- Deductions tab**

The following step-by-step procedure will show you how AccountMate calculates the Employer Matching/Contribution amount using the Percentage Method:

**Legend:**

**A**- Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) Base Amount**B1**- 1st Maximum Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) Amount**B2**- 2nd Maximum Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) Amount**B3**- 3rd Maximum Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) Amount**C1**- 1st Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) Amount**C2**- 2nd Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) Amount**C3**- 3rd Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) Amount**D1**- Difference between B2 and B1**D2**- Difference between A and B1**D3**- Sum of B1 and B2**D4**- Difference between B3 and D3**D5**- Difference between A and B2**E1**- 1st Available Deduction Amount**E2**- 2nd Available Deduction Amount**F**- Final Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) Amount

**Step 1:**Determine which

**Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) by Percentage Method**option is to be used; then, determine the

**Employer Matching/Contribution (M/C) Base Amount**.

The Employer M/C by Percentage Methods available are:

The

**Employer M/C Base Amount (A)**is the employee's deduction amount, gross earnings amount, or net pay amount; depending upon the Employer M/C by Percentage Method selected in the Deduction Maintenance function.

**Step 2:**Calculate the maximum employer matching/contribution amount for each percentage of gross earnings.

The

**Maximum Employer M/C Amount**(B1, B2, or B3) is the employee's gross earnings multiplied by the percentage of gross earnings.

The percentage of gross earnings is the rate specified in the % of Gross But Not Over fields in the Deduction tab of the Employee Maintenance function. Below is an example of the % of Gross Earnings.

The formulas are as follows:

**B1 = Gross Earnings X 1st % of Gross Earnings**

B2 = Gross Earnings X 2nd % of Gross Earnings

B3 = Gross Earnings x 3rd % of Gross Earnings

B2 = Gross Earnings X 2nd % of Gross Earnings

B3 = Gross Earnings x 3rd % of Gross Earnings

**Step 3:**Calculate the

**1st Employer M/C Amount (C1)**.

The

**1st Employer M/C Amount (C1)**is the product of the 1st Employer Matching % multiplied by either the

**Employer M/C Base Amount (A)**or the

**1st Maximum Employer M/C Amount (B1)**(whichever is less) in steps 1 and 2 above. The formulas are as follows:

- If the
**Employer M/C Base Amount (A)**is LESS than the**1st Maximum Employer M/C Amount (B1)**:

**C1 = A X 1st Employer Matching %** - If the
**Employer M/C Base Amount (A)**is MORE than the**1st Maximum Employer M/C Amount (B1)**:

**C1 = B1 X 1st Employer Matching %**

**Step 4:**Compute the

**Difference between the 2nd and 1st Maximum Employer M/C Amount (D1)**. The formula is as follows:

**D1 = B2 - B1**

**Step 5:**Compute the

**Difference between the Amount Used for Comparison with Maximum Employer M/C Amount and the 1st Maximum Employer M/C Amount (D2)**. The formula is as follows:

**D2 = A - B1**

**Step 6:**Determine the

**1st Available Amount of Deduction (E1)**.

Identify the lesser value between D1 and D2 in steps 4 and 5. The lesser value becomes the

**1st Available Amount of Deduction (E1)**. The formula is as follows:

**E1 = whichever is lower between D1 and D2**

**Step 7:**Calculate the

**2nd Employer M/C Amount (C2)**.

The

**2nd Employer M/C Amount (C2)**is the

**1st Available Amount of Deduction (E1)**multiplied by the 2nd Employer Matching %. The formula is as follows:

**C2 = E1 X 2nd Employer Matching %**

**Step 8:**Compute the

**Sum of the 1st and 2nd Maximum Employer M/C Amount (D3)**. The formula is as follows:

**D3 = B1 + B2**

**Step 9:**Compute the

**Difference between the 3rd Maximum Employer M/C Amount and the Sum of the 1st and 2nd Maximum Employer M/C Amount (D4)**. The formula is as follows:

**D4 = B3 - D3**

**Step 10:**Compute the

**Difference between the Employer M/C Base Amount and the 2nd Maximum Employer M/C Amount (D5)**. The formula is as follows:

**D5 = A - B2**

**Step 11:**Determine the

**2nd Available Amount of Deduction (E2)**.

Identify the lesser value between D4 and D5 in steps 9 and 10 above. The formula is as follows:

**E2 = whichever is lower between D4 and D5**

**Step 12:**Calculate the

**3rd Employer M/C amount (C3)**.

The

**3rd Employer M/C Amount (C3)**is the

**2nd Available Amount of Deduction (E2)**multiplied by the 3rd Employer Matching %. The formula is as follows:

**C3 = E2 X 3rd Employer Matching %**

**Step 13:**Calculate the

**Final Employer Matching/Contribution Amount (F)**.

The

**Final Employer Matching/Contribution Amount (F)**is the sum of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Employer M/C Amounts computed in the previous steps.

**F = C1 + C2 + C3**

The discussion above helps users to identify the factors that affect the computation of the employer matching/contribution. Knowing how the system calculates the employer matching/contribution allows users to easily trace and correct the formula settings if necessary.